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Family health General

So What Does CBD Oil Treat?

Now that you’ve learned a little about the difference between full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and the isolate forms of CBD oil, let’s talk about what CBD oil is commonly used for.

Keep in mind that researchers are still in the early stages of determining the various ways CBD oil interacts with the human body. Much more work needs to be done to get a complete picture of what conditions respond well to CBD oil, as well as figuring out the mechanisms behind its healing properties. But the body of evidence is growing. Here’s a breakdown of what we know so far.

Heart Health

As you no doubt already know, high blood pressure is linked to a number of health conditions, including heart attack, stroke, and metabolic syndrome. Recent research has shown that CBD may have several benefits for the heart and circulatory system, including the ability to lower high blood pressure. Researchers have speculated that CBD’s stress- and anxiety-reducing qualities are responsible for this. Its powerful antioxidant properties may also help reduce inflammation and cell death associated with heart disease, though this has only been demonstrated in animal studies thus far.

Pain Relief

As we discussed last week, our bodies contain a specialized system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which helps regulate things like sleep, pain, appetite, and the immune system. Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in our nervous systems.

Studies have demonstrated that CBD may impact the endocannabinoid receptor activity, reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters, thus reducing chronic pain. In fact, several studies have shown that a combination of CBD and THC (the psychoactive component of marijuana) is effective in treating pain due to multiple sclerosis and arthritis. In fact, an oral spray called Sativex, which is a combination of THC and CBD, is already approved in several countries to treat pain related to multiple sclerosis.

Cancer-related Symptoms

Cancer treatments often come with a host of side effects like nausea, vomiting, and pain. Several studies have shown a combination of CBD and THC to be effective in mitigating these side effects.

Promisingly, some test-tube and animal studies have also indicated that CBD may even have anticancer properties. Several studies (again, only in test-tubes and mice) have shown that CBD induced cell death of human breast cells and inhibited the spread of aggressive breast cancer cells.

Anxiety and Depression

Anxiety and depression are leading contributors to disability and can have a devastating impact on health. Both conditions are generally treated with pharmaceutical drugs, which often have a number of side effects like agitation, insomnia, drowsiness, headache, and sexual dysfunction.

CBD has the ability to act on the brain’s receptors for serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates mood and social behavior. Accordingly, CBD oil has shown promise in several studies as a treatment for depression and anxiety, leading many people with these disorders to become interested in this more natural approach. Studies have even it shown it to be effective in treating insomnia and anxiety in children with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Neuroprotective Properties

For those with neurological disorders, CBD may prove beneficial because of its ability to act on the ECS and other brain signaling symptoms.

As mentioned above, CBD and THC have been proven to help people with multiple sclerosis. In addition, a number of studies have demonstrated its efficacy in treating epilepsy. People with these diseases experienced significantly fewer seizures and convulsions than those taking a placebo.

In addition, studies have demonstrated that CBD improved quality of life for people suffering from other neurological diseases like Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease, though more research needs to be done as most of the research has been in test-tube and animal studies.

Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that is thought to be caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria, genetics, overproduction of sebum (an oily secretion from the sebaceous glands in the skin), and inflammation. Because of CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties, its ability to reduce sebum production, and its ability to prevent the activation of inflammatory cytokines, it may actually help treat acne.

Psychological Conditions

CBD has shown promise in modifying circuits in the brain related to drug addiction in rats, reducing morphine dependence and heroin-seeking behavior. Other studies have also suggested that CBD could help reduce psychotic symptoms in people with schizophrenia and other mental disorders.

While all of this is very promising, there is so much more research that needs to be done on the efficacy for varying conditions within humans. And there may be some side effects that you should be aware of.

While it’s generally well-tolerated and considered safe, some studies have noted diarrhea, changes in appetite, and fatigue as possible side effects. CBD oil may also interact with some medications, so we recommend discussing it with your doctor, particularly if you are taking medications or supplements that come with the “grapefruit warning.” CBD and grapefruit interfere with a group of enzymes called CYPs that are important to drug metabolism. Again, if you’re not sure, ask your doctor.

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Family health General

CBD Isolate vs. Broad-Spectrum vs. Full-Spectrum

We have recently started carrying CBD products, and we know you’ll have questions, so here’s a primer.

CBD refers to cannabinoids, which are the natural phytochemical found in the cannabis plant. There are over 113 different cannabinoids (CBD and THC have been researched the most), and they interact with our endocannabinoid system (ECS) in a variety of ways. The ECS is a complex network of cannabinoid receptors and neurotransmitters located in the brain, peripheral nervous system, immune system, and central nervous system. It controls many biological functions like memory, pain perception, stress management, cognition, immune response, and mood regulation.

Each cannabinoid has a unique relationship with the ECS. For instance, THC can induce psychoactive effects (i.e., getting high), and is a strong analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Cannabidiol (CBD) won’t make you high, and can provide stress/anxiety relief and alter our perception of pain. CBD can be mildly stimulating at lower doses, and have a sedative effect at higher doses. Other cannabinoids like Cannabigerol (CBG) can affect glaucoma and IBS symptoms, and cannabinol (CBN) may have sedative, antibacterial, neuroprotectant, appetite stimulation, and anti-inflammatory properties. The inclusion of all of the various types of cannabinoids creates the “cannabinoid spectrum.”

CBD products are all extracted from the cannabis plant using solvents. CBD oil derived from the hemp plant contains little to no THC (generally below 0.3%), and was approved on the federal level with the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, making it legal.

What happens after the initial extraction of the cannabinoids determines whether the extract will be a CBD isolate, broad-spectrum, or full-spectrum. Each terms refers to the degree to which the product was processed.

CBD Isolates

A CBD isolate is the purest form and is made by removing all other ingredients after it has been extracted from its natural environment. Because isolates are generally 99% pure (i.e., 1 gram of isolate powder carries about 990mg of CBD), they have the highest concentration of CBD per serving. However, because all of the other ingredients have been removed, there will be no “entourage effect” (which we’ll discuss in a bit). But you can benefit solely from the effects of pure cannabidiol, and these products tend to be a lower price.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD contains cannabidiol as well as all of the plant’s other compounds except for THC. Removing the THC after the initial extraction means that not only won’t you get high, it won’t show up in a drug test. But it will still produce the entourage effect.

Full-spectrum CBD

Extracts that are full-spectrum contain all the phytochemicals naturally found in the plant. These include CBD, terpenes, cannabinoids, and essential oils – as well as a negligible (less than 0.3%) THC content. Because it does contain trace amounts of THC, it could produce a false positive on a drug test (particularly if you’re taking a high daily dose), so individuals who are likely to be drug tested should avoid taking this form. That being said, it’s non-psychoactive, meaning it won’t get you high. Full-spectrum compounds will produce the entourage effect.

So let’s talk about the entourage effect. Simply put, each compound can amplify the therapeutic properties of the others while lessening their potential side effects. The components work together to enhance the plant’s benefits. When you take a full-spectrum or broad-spectrum extract, in addition to the Cannabidiol (CBD), you’ll also be getting compounds like Cannabinol (CBN), Cannabichromene (CBC), Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabidiol acid (CBDA), Cannabidivarin (CBDV) and terpenes. Terpenes are responsible for the unique aroma profits of various plants. The more than 200 terpenes found in cannabis bind to receptors in the body, providing an array of potential health benefits

Scientists have determined that full-spectrum CBD tends to be more effective than CBD isolate, and that it provides better effects at higher doses, while the effects of CBD isolates stays consistent even at increased intake levels.

So what is the best type for you? It takes some trial and error to figure out which type and brand is best for you. Each person has a unique body chemistry, weight, and lifestyle, and each of these factors can influence the way you react to different cannabinoid profiles. A product that may work well for someone you know may not work well for you. But generally speaking, most people will benefit from full-spectrum extracts the most, but if drug-testing is a concern, go with a broad-spectrum one. For users who were recommended to take very high doses of CBD, who may be sensitive to THC or other cannabinoids, or who prefer a flavorless and odorless product, a CBD isolate would be best.

CBD oil is available in tinctures, teas, honeys, caramels, capsules or gummies, or infused into skin care products, such as bath bombs, lotions, and salves. CBD oil skincare products can be absorbed into the skin and don’t need to be washed off.

Always start “low and slow” when trying a new product. Start with small doses spread several hours apart, and increase the dose and frequency until you achieve your desired results. How much you’ll need will vary depending on your body weight, metabolism, and body chemistry. Doses should be taken at least four to six hours apart, and you can take CBD oil at any time of day, but if you’re using it to improve sleep, take it before bed. The immediate effects of CBD usually take effect within 30 to 90 minutes, but long-term results may take several weeks to achieve.